Throughout the 1980s, 2 million in public and private funding built the Indianapolis Tennis Center, Major Taylor Velodrome, Indiana University Natatorium, Carroll Track and Soccer Stadium, and RCA Dome.Circle Centre Mall (1995), Victory Field (1996), and Bankers Life Fieldhouse (1999).
Clockwise from top: Downtown Indianapolis skyline and the White River, Depew Memorial Fountain and Indiana World War Memorial Plaza, Indianapolis 500, Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, Scottish Rite Cathedral, Indianapolis Museum of Art, and Butler University.), is the capital and largest city of the U. With an estimated population of 853,173 in 2015, Indianapolis is the second most populous city in the Midwest, after Chicago, and 14th largest in the U. The city is the economic and cultural center of the Indianapolis metropolitan area, home to 2 million people, the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U. Its combined statistical area ranks 26th, with 2.4 million inhabitants.
It is in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States.
Although many of these first European and American setters were Protestants, a large proportion of the early Irish and German immigrants were Catholics.
Few African Americans lived in central Indiana before 1840.
Indianapolis is considered a "high sufficiency" global city.
The availability of new federal lands for purchase in central Indiana attracted settlers, many of them descendants of families from northwestern Europe.
On February 11, 1861, president-elect Lincoln arrived in the city, en route to Washington, D. for his presidential inauguration, marking the first visit from a president-elect in the city's history.
On May 20, 1863, Union soldiers attempted to disrupt a statewide Democratic convention at Indianapolis, forcing the proceedings to be adjourned, sarcastically referred to as the Battle of Pogue's Run.
Samuel Henderson, the city's first mayor, led the new city government, which included a seven-member city council.