An early date for James, if accepted, would suggest that the author of James had a body of Jesus’ sayings available to him that included a substantial number from the Sermon on the Mount and a considerable amount of other Matthean material.The distribution and nature of the similarities may then provide additional information on the scope and nature of that body of material.
In other words, it can receive a stain from the world.
The passages in question are as follows: James identification of the poor as being heirs of the Kingdom immediately calls to mind the beatitudes and, on the face of it, the unqualified reference to the poor is more in keeping with Luke’s version than Matthew’s.
The passages in question are as follows: James 1:9 forms part of a contrast with the initial part of Jas , a passage that clearly shares its themes with Matt -30.
The contrasted fates of the humble and the rich is a familiar theme in the Hebrew Bible , but the mention of the agent of scorching is alien to those passages.
The passages in question are as follows: James’ saying has thematic similarity to a passage found in both the Sermon on the Mount and the Sermon on the Plain.
However the reference to joy suggests the Matthew version was more probably the inspiration.In neither Luke nor Mark is the context of the passage the preservation of the covenant and nor is there in James an adjacent reference to a related passage in Mark or Luke.The passages in question are as follows: It is particularly notable how James sees dealing with anger as an issue pertinent to achieving God-like righteousness.Apart from the conspicuous density of suggested parallels with the Sermon on the Mount, the remaining passages in Matthew with possible links to James are not evenly distributed across the chapters of that Gospel. Of the suggested precursor passages, relatively few would be assigned to the hypothetical Q tradition by its advocates Whilst the text of James does not lend itself to seeking such a forensic proof, the simplest way to explain James’ high density of similarities to the Sermon on the Mount must surely be to assume that the author’s primary sources included a block of teaching, the contents and layout of which were, if not identical, at least very close to those of the Sermon as we know it today.Indeed, one might speculate that the Epistle of James was an attempt to apply the Sermon’s principles to a specific set of problems.However, James seems to identify that being an heir to the kingdom was a promise.