Today, London has taken on a much larger meaning to include all of the vast central parts of the modern metropolis, with the city having absorbed numerous surrounding towns and villages over the centuries, including large portions of the surrounding "home counties", one of which - Middlesex - being completely consumed by the growing metropolis.The term "Central London" is widely used on both signs and by the media to describe the central core of the city, which encompasses The City, most of the City of Westminster, and some of the surrounding boroughs.Greater London consists of 32 London boroughs and the City of London that, together with the office of the Mayor of London, form the basis for London's local government.
The term "Greater London" embraces Central London together with all the outlying suburbs that lie in one continuous urban sprawl within the lower Thames valley.
Though densely populated by New World standards, London retains large swathes of green parkland and open space, even within the city centre.
The early Anglo-Saxon trading settlement of Lundenwic was established a mile away from Londinium.
London’s British Museum houses the largest collection of Anglo-Saxon artifacts in the world.
Situated on the River Thames in South-East England, Greater London has an official population of a little over 8 million.
However, London's urban area stretched to 9,787,426 in 2011, while the figure of 14 million for the city's wider metropolitan area more accurately reflects its size and importance.
The city has been the principal seat of British royal dynasties and of English (later British) governments throughout its history and has survived through fire, invasion and plague.
Evidence has been unearthed of Bronze and Iron Age settlement on the present day site of London, though it is unlikely a city existed here before the Roman conquest of Britannia in 43 AD.
Noisy, vibrant and truly multicultural, London is a megalopolis of people, ideas and frenetic energy.